Data Collection and Analysis

Research Methods Knowledge Base

This book offers information on a variety of topics relating to research methods including foundations, sampling, navigating, measurement, design, report development, and analysis.
  • Key Terms: analysis, concept mapping, data collection, deduction, ethics in research, evaluation, induction , research time lines, types of data, types of questions, types of relationships, sampling, statistical analysis
  • Year: 2002
  • Source: Trochim, William M.K.

Qualitative Evaluation

This book shows how evaluations can utilize qualitative approaches to gain an understanding that more traditional quantitative approaches may fail to do. Three broad sections include discussions of the foundations of evaluation and recent trends; evaluation and action programs; and the process of evaluation (including design, data collection, and analysis).
  • Key Terms: data collection, evaluation, qualitative evaluation
  • Year: 1999
  • Source: Shaw, Ian

Evaluation Research: An Introduction to Principles, Methods, and Practice

his book illustrates the methods in which social research methodology can be related to evaluation.  The author further discusses methodology and theory within evaluation.
  • Key Terms: data collection, development, evaluation, formative, quantitative research, research, types of evaluation
  • Year: 1999
  • Source: Clarke, Alan

Basic Business Research Methods

This toolkit provides information and links to basic research methods such as case studies, focus groups, surveys, questionnaires, and more. Also discussed are advantages and disadvantages of various methods and analysis of results.
  • Key Terms: case studies, data collection, evaluation, focus group, interview, questionnaires, research, surveys
  • Year: 1999
  • Source: McNamara, Carter

Needs Assessment Strategies for Community Groups and Organizations

This article explains five needs assessment techniques including: Existing Data Approach, Attitude Survey Approach, Key Informant Approach, Community Forum, and Focus Group Interview.
  • Key Terms: advocacy, assessment, data collection, communication, community engagement, focus group, human resource, interviewing, needs assessment, organizational development, outcome evaluation, organizational management, survey
  • Year: 2001
  • Source: Iowa State University Extension

Return on Investment Calculator

This Excel spreadsheet template is used to calculate ROI.
  • Key Terms: CEO 201, cost benefit, engaging individuals, financial management, financial reporting, organizational management, ROI
  • Source: Npower

Data Sources for GIS

This article describes types and sources of data useful in GIS planning and provides links for places to obtain data.
  • Key Terms: compliance, data source, digital sources, evaluation, management, organizational management
  • Year: 2000
  • Source: Foote, Kenneth E.


This tutorial provides an introduction to experiment and study design including the relationship between dependent and independent variables, blind and double-blind experiments, random and biased samples, and more.
  • Key Terms: data collection, double-blind study, evaluation, experiment, independent variable, process, random assignment, sampling
  • Year: 2005
  • Source: Boeree, C. George

Survey Design

This article explains the steps of survey design from selecting a sample, avoiding a biased sample, sources of data collection, and questionnaire design.
  • Key Terms: data collection, evaluation, interviewing methodology, process, project goal, questionnaire, sampling, survey
  • Year: 2005
  • Source: Creative Research Systems

How to do Social Network Analysis

This article describes basic concepts of SNA, which is a type of qualitative research. It examines the strength of social ties among a defined network.
  • Key Terms: centrality, data collection, evaluation, qualitative evaluation, research, social network analysis (SNA)
  • Year: 2005
  • Source: Krebs, Valdis

Community Mapping: GIS as a Community Development Tool

This article discusses how GIS mapping can be an effective advocacy tool, and provides an example of its use in community development.
  • Key Terms: advocacy, community development, community engagement, community mapping, evaluation, GIS Mapping, technology
  • Year: 2003
  • Source: Blackford, Loren & Mueller, Lisa

Assessment Clear and Simple: A Practical Guide for Institutions, Departments, and General Education

This book deals with problems of assessing less quantifiable goals in an institutional or educational setting.
  • Key Terms: agenda-setting, assessment, goal, mission, organizational development, organizational management, strategic analysis, SWOT analysis
  • Year: 2004
  • Source: Walvoord, Barbara E.

GIS Use in Community Planning: A Multidimensional Analysis of Empowerment

This case study discusses the extent to which Geographic Information Systems (GIS) mapping has affected social and political policies in regards to urban planning and neighborhood revitalization.
  • Key Terms: advocacy, civic engagement, community-based organizations, community engagement, community mapping, GIS mapping, technology, urban planning
  • Year: 2002
  • Source: Elwood, Sarah

Surveys Done Right: 5 Tips for Good Response

This article recommends five considerations to make while creating surveys to ensure a good response and to get the information you need.,0,w
  • Key Terms: data collection, e-communications, evaluation, increase response, survey, question bias
  • Year: 2005
  • Source: Informed Marketer News

Selection Bias

This article explains the problem of selection bias in research and evaluations.  When selection bias exists, program participants differ from non-participants in characteristics that cannot be observed by the evaluator and affect both the decision to participate in the program and its outcome.,,contentMDK:20188242~menuPK:415130~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:384329,00.html#sb
  • Key Terms: control group, evaluation, process, quasi-experimental, sampling, target population
  • Year: 2004
  • Source: The World Bank Group

Evaluation Designs

This article introduces basic types of evaluation designs such as experimental, quasi-experimental, and non-experimental.
  • Key Terms: evaluation, planning, process, quasi-experimental, selection process
  • Year: 2004
  • Source: The World Bank Group

Qualitative Methods

This article introduces qualitative type evaluations.  Qualitative evaluations collect data through interviews, observation, and document reviews.
  • Key Terms: data collection, document review, evaluation, group interviews, interviewing, qualitative evaluation, survey
  • Year: 2005
  • Source: The World Bank Group

Concept Mapping

This article explains the process of concept mapping and provides links to examples.
  • Key Terms: data collection, evaluation, generate ideas, knowledge in graphs, research
  • Year: 2003
  • Source: Learning Skills Program

Using Data to Characterize Disparities Across Sub Populations/Communities

This article defines the disparities that occur in society. These disparities are often based on race, ethnicity, English proficiency, income/socioeconomic status, age, or gender.
  • Key Terms: data collection, evaluation, GIS mapping, process, research goals
  • Year: 2007
  • Source: Community Research Institute

Using Data to Evaluate Progress in Meeting Goals

This article explores the questions regarding evaluation. It provides guidelines for using data in a step-by-step process. It also outlines pitfalls and good practices in evaluating the data.
  • Key Terms: benchmarking, data collection, evaluation, organizational learning, outcome evaluation
  • Source: Community Research Institute

Monitoring Trends and Identifying Emerging Problems

This article discusses how monitoring trend data is one of the most important things a nonprofit can do when implementing programs and developing service delivery strategies.
  • Key Terms: data collection, evaluation, indicators, monitoring trends, outcome evaluation, research
  • Source: Community Research Institute

Primer in Internet Audience Measurement

This article provides evaluation methods for collecting data regarding internet audience measurement focusing on hits, unique visitors, page views, and unique page views.
  • Key Terms: evaluation, evaluation methods, marketing, marketing and communications, planning
  • Year: 2003
  • Source: Jeffries-Fox, Bruce

Research Doesn't Have to Put You in the Poorhouse

This article describes low-cost research methods to evaluate the performance of public relations efforts.  Some techniques included are: piggyback studies, secondary analysis, quick-tab polls, internet surveys, and intercept interviews.
  • Key Terms: media costs, media directory, media relations, positioning statement, press release, public trust, public relations, software, spokesperson, visibility
  • Year: 2001
  • Source: Lindenmann, Walter K.

Using Graphics to Report Evaluation Results

This article explains ways to use charts, graphs, and pictograms to report results for different audiences.
  • Key Terms: evaluation, graphing, reporting, process, sample size
  • Year: 2003
  • Source: Minter, Ed & Michaud, Mary

Phone Interviewing as a Means of Data Collection

This article presents specific suggestions for successfully using phone interviewing as a means of data collection in research studies. The lessons and insights are intended for anyone conducting research with phone interviews, particularly the novice researcher.
  • Key Terms: data collection, evaluation, interviewing, qualitative research
  • Year: 2001
  • Source: Burke, Lisa A. & Miller, Monica K.

Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods

This book describes various techniques and challenges with qualitative research and evaluation.  The author focuses on all aspects of qualitative research, including data collection, analysis and reporting, and design.
  • Key Terms: data collection, evaluation, fieldwork strategy, qualitative evaluation, reporting
  • Year: 2001
  • Source: Patton, Michael Quinn

Getting Inside the Story: Ethnographic Approaches to Evaluation

This book explains the use of ethnographers in an evaluation process. The role of the ethnographer is to document the story of the initiator both internally and externally.
  • Key Terms: evaluation, evaluation methods, planning, process
  • Year: 2004
  • Source: McGarvey, Craig & Volkman, Toby

Conducting Best and Current Practices Research: A Starter Kit

This article discusses the importance of targeting current and effective practices in researching ways to improving organizational efficiency. The article provides guidelines and resources for conducting research.
  • Key Terms: information flow, networking, organizational development, organizational management
  • Year: 2000
  • Source: Eglene, Ophelia

Case Studies

This article gives information for conducting an effective case study.  Different types of studies are addressed, as well as data collection methods and applications of case studies.
  • Key Terms: case studies, conducting case studies, data collection, evaluation, qualitative research
  • Year: 2005
  • Source: Writing@CSU

Overview: Introduction to Statistics

This article introduces basic statistical concepts and provides a list of key terms and related links for further study.
  • Key Terms: evaluation, inferential statistics, process, quantitative research, statistical analysis
  • Year: 2005
  • Source: Writing@CSU
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